• Personal Resonance© is a research forum engaged in transforming findings from proven research studies on learning, training, performance and expertise into practical training solutions and practices to 'accelerate time-to-expertise' of organizations and professionals. Aggressive time-to-market drives organizations to develop complex cognitive skills of their employees at faster pace to beat their competitors. Goal of forum is to find and share the answer to that ‘speed’. The forum is trying to develop a core knowledge-base in four areas by systematically assimilating, analyzing and synthesizing the proven research studies in wide range of disciplines like cognitive sciences, neuroscience, psychology, education, learning and brain science, etc.: 1) Accelerated Workplace Expertise: Proven research-based strategies and methodologies to accelerate expertise of organization as a whole through training and learning. 2) Accelerated Professional Expertise: Science-based resonance techniques to accelerate expertise, peak performance and effectiveness of individuals. 3) Strategic Training Management: Experience-based competitive philosophies and processes to manage large-scale complex learning and knowledge operations to produce proficient workforce. 4) Competitive Instructional Design: Advanced instructional and learning design techniques to deliver higher order complex skills like problem solving, critical thinking, decision making, technical troubleshooting.

Cognitive Training Techniques to Build and Accelerate Expertise: Interview with Dr. Ruth C. Clark

Training Techniques to Accelerate and Build Expertise

A while ago I had conversation with Dr. Ruth Clark exploring her views about certain training strategies to building expertise in problem solving skills and potentially accelerate it. She emphasized using worked examples and Scenario-based e-Learning training techniques as key to build expertise. Here is an excerpt from the conversation. About Dr. Ruth Clark: A recognized specialist in instructional design and technical training, Dr. Clark is author of Scenario-based E-Learning and newly released second edition of Evidence-based Training, two books that deal with evidence-based instructional strategies to accelerate expertise. She is also author of Building Expertise, a book with thorough account of research based cognitive training strategies to improve performance. For over 25 years Ruth Clark has helped workforce learning practitioners apply evidence-based practice guidelines based on valid research. Dr. Clark offers consulting by previewing your e-learning products or goals and evaluating your courses or offering customized design-development consultation. Ruth currently offers … Continue reading

9 Famous Training Models Supporting Development and Speed up of Expertise

Acquiring High Proficiency and Expertise Through Training

Several researchers established the possibility to produce professionals at higher level of proficiency using some special training strategies. But that’s stay as possibility to large extent. There is lack of any comprehensive mechanism of accelerating the proficiency either through training or otherwise which instructional designer,s training strategists or training experts could use off-the-shelf and apply in organizational context. As stated by Hoffman, Andrews & Feltovich (2012), “Empirical fact about expertise (i.e., that it takes a long time) sets the stage for an effort at demonstrating the acceleration of the achievement of proficiency.” (p. 9). Some famous models do attempt to provide “some” insight into how training can be used to build certain level of proficiency of employees and to accelerate it. I thought I summarize various models from the angle of how expertise development and acceleration of expertise. Bloom’s Mastery Learning Model (1968) The educational theorist Carroll (1963) provided the first complete … Continue reading

New Measure of Training ROI: Time-to-Expertise and Time-to-Proficiency of Employees

accelerating TTP chart

  I wrote in previous post that most of the organizations are targeting proficiency as the minimum desired level of performance of their employees. In general the time taken by an individual to acquire the skills necessary to reach to a level where his performance can be deemed as “proficient” (or exhibiting ‘desired proficiency’) is called time-to-proficiency (Pinder and Schroeder, 1987). This is generally measured either from his day of hire or from the day he takes first training course. This time usually also involves time spent on OJT and other allied activities to gain proficiency. Carpenter, Monaco, O’Mara, & Teachout (1989) appears to be first one to develop first Time-To-Proficiency model in military context which established relationship between actual performance, aptitude, experience, costs and minimum acceptable level of job proficiency for recording airmen proficiency (as cited by Faneuff et.al, 1990). It took time for the same concept to make … Continue reading

Accelerating Time-to-Expertise in the Accelerated Time-to-Market

Let me share a new perspective on language of ROI for the training. Over the last decade every one of us has seen tremendous changes in technology and learning across the industries. If you are in hi-tech industry, you might agree with me that organizations are trying to squeeze (or accelerate) Time-to-market of new technologies, services, products and solutions to gain competitive edge over others. This does not come without a critical business challenge. This has led to a new business challenge for training experts how to drive workforce to achieve full productivity at equally fast pace. Talking to several thought leaders in the industry; it appears to me that there is a large lag between speed with which organizations can build capability of employees and the speed of time-to-market of products / services / solutions / technologies. Hi-tech industry is at critical point with dire need to build capabilities … Continue reading

Proficiency to Expertise: Are you an authority on one thing? (DNA of Mastery Part 5/6)


In the last post (Part-4) I started journey from knowledge, moved onto skills and competence, performance and then to proficiency. http://personal-resonance.com/part-iv-performance-to-proficiency-are-you-able-to-deliver-reproducible-and-consistent-results-in-every-situation/. I showed you that how reproducibility was a key factor that convert performance into proficiency. Let’s move to next milestone in this journey. Expertise: Be the Authority By Specializing with Your Expertise Going back to my example of driving he car, I wish I could say I have gained expertise in driving. But reality is that expertise does not come so easily. For some of you, proficiency or expertise may mean same thing. Expertise is a less explored area. I will use some key research reference to establish why you should target achieving expertise in your chosen field. Let me elaborate it with a research definition of ‘expertise’. Dreyfus (1986) explained that experts don’t apply rules, or uses any maxims or guidelines. He rather has intuitive grasp of situations … Continue reading

2 Rules of Converting Your Perceived Competence into Real-World Noticieable Performance


(Originally published at Examiner.com as part-2 of the re-purposed article) This post is re-written from DNA of Mastery Part 2 and Part 3. The first part is about 5 rules to get your knowledge and skills noticed at workplace. You can review the article here:http://www.examiner.com/article/5-simple-rules-to-make-your-knowledge-an…. The key takeaway in that article was to develop a winning attitude which results in conversion of your abilities into competence. Let me take you little further in this journey to get you noticed at your workplace. In our research we found that there was just one factor which made the difference even to top performers to stay on top and to low performers to be successful and improve performance. Based on that here are the two rules of noticeable performance at workplace. 1. Get noticed by conquering your environment Ever heard this “You got the potential and I know you got the competence, but I am not sure what is holding you back … Continue reading

Performance to Proficiency: Are you able to deliver reproducible and consistent results in every situation? (DNA to Mastery Part 4/6)


In the last posts (Part-I to Part-III) I talked about how attitude a controlling factor in converting competence into developing and demonstrating the performance in an individual. Lets move to next milestone in this journey. Proficiency: Get the Reproducible Results by Acquiring Proficiency in Skills Now while I was ‘performing’ as a driver, no one had any issues. They knew I could drive on any road. Even though we may be on untraveled roads, my fellow passenger had high level of confidence that I will pull it through. Now I was able to switch vehicles and no matter it was truck or a small electric car, my skills were equally good. It also did not matter I was driving in crowded roads of India or limitless Autobahn in Germany. This stage of reproducing your performance everywhere and in every situation is called proficiency. Let me give you one more equation. Performance + … Continue reading

Competence to Performance: Is Your Full Competence Converting Into Performance? (DNA of Mastery Part 3/6)


In the last post (Part-2) I started journey from knowledge, moved onto skills and competence. I showed you that how attitude can transform abilities to competence that builds other’s confidence on you. Lets move to next milestone in this journey. ENVIRONMENT: Get Noticed By Conquering Your Environment Ever heard this “You got the potential and I know you got the competence, but I am not sure what is holding you back giving a great performance”. Does it leave you puzzled sometimes? Your competence is not yet proven and visible in the real-world. There is crucial component which makes your competence visible to world. This is called ENVIRONMENT. It could mean several things including real Job environment, closer-to-life issue or problem, real-life scenarios, changing conditions and situations you encounter around you within which you are required to work. There are many internal and external environment factor and variables which may affect your competence. External … Continue reading

Abilities to Competence – Are You Winning Other’s Confidence in You? (DNA of Mastery Part 2/6


In the last post (Part-1) I started journey from knowledge, moved onto skills and showed you that how integrating those two well will result into abilities that differentiate you from others. Lets move to next milestone in this journey. ATTITUDE: Be Ahead of the Race by Developing A Winning Attitude As I was ‘able’ to drive car, I still needed to exert several discretion like whether or not to overtake, whether or not to cross speed limits, whether or not to slow down to pedestrians, whether or not to run car at steady speed to maintain its systems, among several others even in control environment or simpler situations like mock-up circuit and relatively less crowded roads. As I became good I developed certain method or technique of my own. I tested my newly found methods in certain situations and that gave me confidence that I could probably handle unforeseen situations as … Continue reading

Achieve Faster Time to Peak Performance by Focusing on Strengths

In one of the personal leadership sessions on “Personal Resonance” a question was asked from me. “If my professional performance is not what my organization expects from me and I know very well I am haunted by few weaknesses, what should I do? From the personal performance standpoint, the path to filling the weaknesses is very slow. It takes years and years to get rid of deeply rooted weaknesses. I know of a man who was craving to perfect the art of public speaking. Years and years on he tried reading every public speaking book available to him and tried riding on any opportunity to speak in public. This was a classic example of practice. However, the guy never made to a level of influencing public speaking and did not command the respect of an affluent public speaker. This took lots of his energy trying to prove himself. This, in … Continue reading

Deliberate Practice of 10000 hours: Can it make you an expert and leader?


How long does it take for someone to become expert in one particular skill? Something which intrigued me is the expert performance rule found by Ericsson, Krampe & Tesch-Romer (1993). They, kind of postulated that it takes 10,000 hours or 10-years (20 hours for 50 weeks a year for ten years = 10,000) of intense training and ‘deliberate practice’ to become an expert in almost anything. Does it really happen? Maybe yes it happens for chess players, sportsmen, actors, singers, musicians and some public speakers. In simple words, it says practice makes the experts. But what kind of practice? Is it routine practice during routine activities where individual is focussing on incremental improvement? The answer is no. The practice Ericssson proposed was ‘deliberate practice’. They referred ‘Deliberate practice’ as a highly individualized training on tasks selected by a qualified teacher for the purposes of building expertise in an individual. Four components which form the deliberate practice … Continue reading